Norddeutsches Küsten- und Klimabüro
 

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Data source

Tide gauge data used in the Sea Level Monitor:

Tide Gauge Period Source
Husum 1906-2019Wasserstraßen- und Schifffahrtsverwaltung des Bundes (WSV), provided by Bundesanstalt für Gewässerkunde (BfG)
Project "Mean Sea Level and Tidal Analysis at the German North Sea Coastline" (AMSeL)
Helgoland 1954-2019WSV, provided by BfG
Project AMSeL
Cuxhaven 1843-2018Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL)
Norderney 1905-2019WSV, provided by BfG and Forschungsstelle Küste (FSK) des Niedersächsischen Landesbetriebs für Wasserwirtschaft, Küsten- und Naturschutz (NLWKN)
Flensburg1955-2019WSV, provided by BfG
Kiel-Holtenau1955-2019WSV, provided by BfG
Travemünde 1856-2018PSMSL
Warnemünde 1856-2018PSMSL

The latest tide gauge data are from PEGELONLINE.


Global mean sea level (GMSL) data used in the Sea Level Monitor:

DatasetPeriod Source
GMSL reconstruction1880-2013Church, J. A. and N.J. White (2011), Sea-level rise from the late 19th to the early 21st Century. Surveys in Geophysics, doi:10.1007/s10712-011-9119-1.
GMSL reconstruction1900-2005Dangendorf, S., Hay, C., Calafat, F.M. et al. (2019), Persistent acceleration in global sea-level rise since the 1960s. Nat. Clim. Chang. 9, 705–710, doi: 10.1038/s41558-019-0531-8.
Satellite sea level observation1993-ongoingGSFC. 2020. Global Mean Sea Level Trend from Integrated Multi-Mission Ocean Altimeters TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, OSTM/Jason-2 Version 5.0 Ver. 5.0 PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [2020-12-15] at http://dx.doi.org/10.5067/GMSLM-TJ123.
Arithmetic mean of the above three datasets*1900-ongoing 

*Note: Due to changing availablities of GMSL data, inhomogeneities in the arithmetic mean can not be excluded.